Is backdating stock options ethical
The increase was more dramatic in North America and Western Europe.
Never, you might say, have so many cheated so much to gain so little.
They identify five specific trends driving this change: First, the public has become more suspicious, more critical, and less forgiving of corporate misbehavior.
Second, governance and regulation in many countries has become both more proactive and more punitive.
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In comparison, had the options been granted at the year-end price when the decision to grant to options actually might have been made, the year-end intrinsic value would have been zero.